Palm Database
Canary Island Date Palm - Phoenix canariensis
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Written by Real Palm Trees   


The stateliest of all the palm trees, the Canary Island Date palm tree, makes a statement whether it be in a field by itself or adorning a tropical looking home or business. The Canary Island Date stands by itself and needs no introduction, it is found in all the main resorts and cosmopolitan centers across any tropical or sub-tropical areas. With its massive crown giving enough shade to fit a couple of elephants, the Canary Island Date is a wonderful specimen for those that want to make a statement. The Canary Island Date is very meticulous when it is a small plant but when full grown offers a more stable easy-maintenance routine. As long it is watered every now and then and fertilized 3 to 4 times a year, the Canary Island Date palm tree will grow to its massive stately size and crown its top with large 10 to 15 feet long deep-green leaves that spiral around giving the tree its rightful crown.

DIY - Landscape Design

The Canary Island Date palm tree would best be suited for larger areas such as large yards, office buildings, corporate centers, or parks. When using a Canary Island Date palm for landscaping be cognizant of the ultimate height and width of the palm before planting. When you have chosen the area in which you would like to plant the Canary Island Date, ensure that there is proper irrigation to the palm. It is important that your irrigation system or yourself do not apply water or spray water on the trunk of the Canary Island Date palm. The water will encourage bacteria to grow and a very not-so-nice friend, Ganoderma butt rot, to infest the palm and eat away at the palm from inside out. There is no cure for the Ganoderma butt rot, but there is methods of protection against it, just spray the palm with some liquid copper fungicide and stay away from watering the trunk. Once the irrigation and position of the palm tree are thought out, then comes the wonderful variety of palms which can be used to add distinction and interest to the area. Many people use the shade that the Canary Island Date palm provides as a refuge from the sun. Creating a canopy is an ideal option for planting a Canary Island Date palm, just space them far enough for each palm to receive its own amount of sunlight. You can also use the Canary Island Date palm tree as a tropical backdrop in any setting. The way to accomplish a tropical setting is by mixing other leaf types of palm trees in and underneath the area. To give the area a more native feel, you could plant other woody and herbaceous plants. There is also a fern that thrives in the nut of the palm which, if properly watered, turns the nut of the palm green and gives the Canary Island Date palm tree a tropical vibe.

DIY - Indoor Design

The Canary Island palm tree makes a great indoor palm if provided the right environment. The Canary Island Date palm needs an area where full sun is given, so either a full window skylight or a conservatory would be ideal. Since the Canary Island is indoors, it will need extra nutrients to maintain its constant vitality. Also, good waterings are needed along with good drainage soil in the pot. Place small rocks or pebbles into the soil for good drainage. As long as the Canary Island Date palm has full sunlight, properly watered, and sufficiently nutriented it should thrive in any indoor setting. The Canary Island Date can be placed as a socialistic starter when placed in the decorating scheme of a room. Take into consideration the surround area to which the Canary Island Date palm will be placed, usually the surrounding area has to complement the palm tree. There are endless shapes and colors of vases and pots to choose from which can give the palm tree an extra oomph. Try using contrasting and vibrant colors to showcase the palm tree.

Please, feel free to comment on this article. Any new design ideas, comments, or appreciation is welcomed.

Canary Island Date Palm Overview:

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Naming Conventions:

Palm Name: Canary Island Date Palm - (Ka-nair-e eye-land day-te) (Palm)
Common Name(s): Canary Palm, Pineapple Palm
Botanical Name: Phoenix canariensis - (FEE-niks) (kan-air-ee-EN-sis)
Synonym(s): P. canariensis

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Plant Classification:

Linnaean Taxonomy SystemLinnaean Taxonomy System:

Superdomain: Neomura Palm Tree Information Theoretical Group
Domain: Eukaryota - (Eu-kary-ote) Palm Tree Information 4 Organisms - Animals, plants, fungi, and protists
Kingdom: Plantae (Plants) Palm Tree Information 3 Groups - Streptophyta (Green Plants), Rhodophyta (Red Algae ), and Glaucophyta (Green Microscopic Algae)
Subkingdom: Streptophyta (also known as Streptophytes, Metaphytes, or Viridiplantae) Palm Tree Information Green Plants
Super Division: Embryophyta (also known as Embryophytes) Palm Tree Information Land Plants
Division: Tracheophyta (also known as Tracheophytes or Tracheobionta) Palm Tree Information Vascular plants - higher plant life
Division: Spermatophyta (also known as Spermatophytes or Phanerogams) Palm Tree Information Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta (also commonly known as Angiosperms) Palm Tree Information Flowering plants
Plant Class: Monocotyledons or Monocots (also known as Monocotyledoneae or Monocotyledones) Palm Tree Information One embryonic seed leaf
Palm Family: Arecaceae - (ar-ek-AY-see-ay)
Palm Genus: Phoenix (FEE-niks)
Palm Species: canariensis - (kan-air-ee-EN-sis)

Canary Island Date Palm Tree General Description:

Canary Island Dates are also widely known as the Pineapple Palm. The palm tree is easily recognized through it's crown of leaves and trunk characteristics. When they are pruned properly, the bottom of the crown, also called the nut, appears to have a pineapple shape. It's not uncommon to see Canary Island Date palms, pruned and trimmed to enhance the appearance. Many people consider pruning as defacing and lessening the appearance of the tree. The trunk of the Canary Island Date palm is very recognizable because of its diamond shaped ridges which cover most of trunk. These ridges appear more prominently as the palm matures through scarring of old leaves which have fallen off. As the Canary Island Date matures, the once small unnoticeable trunk now becomes noticeable. The Canary Island Date palm is also known scientifically as Phoenix canariensis and is from the Canary Islands, which are located off the coast of Africa. The average height that the Canary Island Date palm grows is between 50 to 60 feet. The Canary Island Date palm flowers late spring early summer and has numerous orange seeds which ensure its population. The Canary Island Date has 10 to 15 feet long green leaves that create a stunning crown look. The support for the immense crownshaft is by the massive trunk which is largely appealing. The Canary Island Date palm thrives in acidic soil conditions and full sun. The Canary Island Date palm is a grand statement for any home, business, or corporate center.

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Habitat:

Palm Continent of Origin: Africa
Palm Country of Origin: Canary Islands
Indoor/ Outdoor: Both
Palm North America Outdoor Hardiness: USDA Zone 8: 15 F (-9.4 C) to USDA Zone 11: above 40 F (4.5 C)
Palm Europe/ UK Outdoor Hardiness: Europe Zone 8: 10F (-12C) to Europe Zone 11: above 40 F (4.5 C)
Palm Cold Toleration: Approximately 15-30 F

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Physical Appearance:

Palm Height: 50 - 65 ft
Palm Spread: 25 - 35 ft
Palm Trunk:The Canary Island Date palm has a very stately trunk that is easily recognizable from afar. The trunk is encrusted with diamond shape scars from the old leaves which are either pruned away or have fallen from growth. Along with an enormous crown shaft, the Canary Island Date palm has wide trunks that have measured four feet in diameter.
Palm Foliage: Deep green leaves which grow up to 15 feet long, yellowing is apparent when malnutrition occurs.
Palm Foliage Growth Direction: Grows outward then upward.
Palm Flowering: White
Palm Fruits: : The fruits are produced only by the female palm tree and are approximately 1.5 inches long.
Palm Fruits Edible: The Canary Island Date palm fruits are edible and have a sour mouth-puckering taste.
Palm Leaf Type: Pinnate

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Growth Attributes:

Palm Speed of growth: Moderate to Fast
Palm Radial Spacing: 20 - 30 ft
Sun Exposure: High light to full sun
Drought Toleration: Drought tolerant
Salt Toleration: High
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Caring and Maintenance:

Palm Caring: Moderate, fertilizer for common magnesium deficiency and watering.
Soil: The Canary Island Date palm is adaptable to mild alkaline soil and thrives in acidic soil. A good practice is to use good drainage soil.
Soil Types: Acidic
Water: Regularly water soil and do not water trunk to avoid fungal growth.
Fertilizer: Use 100% organic or organic based fertilizers for best results
Potting and Planting: The Canary Island Date is easy to pot and plant.

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Environmental Impact:

Canary Island Date palm is a beautiful addition to any large yard or garden. However in New Zealand, the Canary Island Date palm tree is known as a sleeper weed and has invaded special areas of native habitation growth. Some of these special areas are delicate mangroves and unstable rainforests. The reason the Canary Island Date palm is known as a sleeper weed is because its ability to blend into the surroundings as vegetation and is noticed too late to be easily pulled up out of the ground. The wide-spread and not so eco-friendly numbers of the palm is caused by the wildlife which eat the fruit from either the stalk or when fallen on the ground.

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Seed, Cultivation, and Propagation:

Palm Seed Size: The average size is 1 inch
Palm Seed Attributes: The seeds are housed by an orange fleshy coating. When the coating is removed the seed is brown and has a noticeable indention in the middle of the seed. The seed of the Canary Island Date palm tree is smooth to the touch.
Palm Seed Harvesting: Seeds are obtained from within the fruits. The fruits grow plentiful on the stalk. For best germination results, plant seeds immeditaley after gathering.
Palm Seed Propagation: The Canary Island Date palm seeds typically germinate in less than 1 month. Seeds have a better chance of germinating if the process is done by human intervention and with fresh seeds.
Palm Seed Shelf Life: : If properly treated, the Canary Island Date palm seed do have long shelf life.
Palm Seed and Growing:The Canary Island Date palm can be grown indoors, in the right conditions.

Canary Island Date Palm Tree Nurture and Nature:

Nurture vs. Nature: : Typically the Canary Island Date palms thrive when situated in full sun and given enough area to grow. When Canary Island Dates are placed inside homes, full sunlight should be present and if not artificial light can be supplemented.
Palm Transplanting: If not properly done, transplanting is known to kill the Canary Island Date palm. The palm needs to be healthy, fertilized, and green before transplanting for a greater success rate. Transplanting should be limited to growth needs and should be carefully thought out. The average height the Canary Island Date palm is between 50 to 60 feet and the trunk is 2 to 4 feet in diameter. Before transplanting, make sure there is ample space for the growth of the palm tree and that when pulled out of its spot the roots stay intact together. Also, when planted in partial sun, the growth of the Canary Island Date palm tree will be stunted and extra maintenance will be needed for it to receive the proper nutrition. Make sure the hole which is dug for the palm is one to two feet larger than the root ball. Also, to ease the transplant shock, add Mycohorrizal fungi to the side of the root ball before putting the root ball in the hole. After placing the rootball in the hole, ensure that no part of the trunk is buried in the dirt. Then soak the ground around the palm tree 1-2 times a day for the first three weeks without soaking the trunk. Also, insert fertilizer spikes for year round feeding. Applying these easy tips will ensure that the Canary Island Date palm tree will thrive.

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