Palm Database
Queen Palm - Syagrus Romanzoffiana
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Written by Real Palm Trees   


The Queen Palm tree is easily found in many landscapes throughout Florida and California. Although not a native to North America, it has found a home in tropical to sub-tropical areas. The Queen Palm tree is also resilient during times of winter months and has also been seen withstanding snowfall. An interesting note about the Queen Palm tree is that it is usually always found with 15 fronds or leaves. The pinnate leaves of the Queen Palm tree are feathery with an ever-green color. The stem of the leaf can be 5 to 15 ft long with each leaflet blade approximately 18 to 36 inches long. The trunk of the Queen Palm tree is pale-white with noticeable rings where the leaves have fallen off. The Queen Palm tree is a great for curb appeal and can be placed in unique groupings to create a serene landscape.

DIY - Landscape Design

The Queen Palm tree can be placed be placed solitary or in groupings. I have seen many people place the Queen Palm tree 5 to 6 feet apart in order to place a hammock. A hammock is a wonderful self-indulgence that people need in their lives. People need to be outdoors and creating your own oasis with palm trees and hammocks is very easy. Plant enough Queen Palms and have enough for the whole family to be swinging along talking about what happened throughout your day. Remember that creating a plan or having an idea is the key to a successful landscape design. Only you can create your ultimate design. Try writing down or drawing out with you, or your family, your favorite landscape design. Brainstorm ideas then sleep on them, not literally, but just make sure the design is what you really like. Before you know it, youll have people wanting to come over, and tempt you with a barbeque, just to lie down in your hammocks.

DIY - Indoor Design

The Queen Palm tree makes for a beautiful potted plant as long as you place it near a window that receives full light. Placing the Queen Palm tree in your home can be an eco-friendly way of changing a room around. Instead of using paint, purchase a painted pot and put a splash of life in your corner with a Queen Palm tree. You can even make an activity out of painting the pot with friends or loved ones. Be creative and the sky is the limit!

Please, feel free to comment on this article. Any new design ideas, comments, or appreciation is welcomed.

Queen Palm Overview:

Queen Palm Tree Naming Conventions:

Palm Name: Queen Palm - (\kwēn\) (Palm)
Common Name(s): Queen Palm, Cocos Plumosa, Jeriva Syagrus romanzoffiana
Botanical Name: Syagrus romanzoffiana - (sigh-AY-gruss) (roe-man-zoff-ee-AY-nuh
Synonym(s): La reina

Queen Palm Tree Plant Classification:

Linnaean Taxonomy SystemLinnaean Taxonomy System:

Superdomain: Neomura Palm Tree Information Theoretical Group
Domain: Eukaryota - (Eu-kary-ote) Palm Tree Information 4 Organisms - Animals, plants, fungi, and protists
Kingdom: Plantae (Plants) Palm Tree Information 3 Groups - Streptophyta (Green Plants), Rhodophyta (Red Algae ), and Glaucophyta (Green Microscopic Algae)
Subkingdom: Streptophyta (also known as Streptophytes, Metaphytes, or Viridiplantae) Palm Tree Information Green Plants
Super Division: Embryophyta (also known as Embryophytes) Palm Tree Information Land Plants
Division: Tracheophyta (also known as Tracheophytes or Tracheobionta) Palm Tree Information Vascular plants - higher plant life
Division: Spermatophyta (also known as Spermatophytes or Phanerogams) Palm Tree Information Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta (also commonly known as Angiosperms) Palm Tree Information Flowering plants
Plant Class: Monocotyledons or Monocots (also known as Monocotyledoneae or Monocotyledones) Palm Tree Information One embryonic seed leaf
Palm Family: Arecaceae - (ar-ek-AY-see-ee)
Palm Genus: Syagrus - (sigh-AY-gruss)
Palm Species: romanzoffiana - (roe-man-zoff-ee-AY-nuh)

Queen Palm Tree General Description:

The Queen Palm tree is Native to South America, primarily from Brazil to the Argentina. The Queen Palm tree is a staple to most tropical to sub-tropical landscapes. It is characterized by its white-pale trunk and ever-green feathery leaves. The Queen Palm tree is used in most subtropical landscapes because of the cost and the quick growth of the palm tree. The Queen Palm tree is seen in groupings as well as solitary.

Queen Palm Tree Habitat:

Palm Continent of Origin: South America
Palm Country of Origin: Brazil, Argentina
Indoor/ Outdoor: Both
Palm North America Outdoor Hardiness:USDA Zone 8a: -12.2 C (10 F) to USDA Zone 11: above 40 F (4.5 C)
Palm Europe/ UK Outdoor Hardiness: EEurope Zone 8: -12 C (10 F) to Europe Zone 11: above 40 F (4.5 C)
Palm Cold Toleration: Approximately 10 - 20F, do not let heart of the palm tree drop below freezing.

Queen Palm Tree Physical Appearance:

Palm Height:30 - 50 ft
Palm Spread:15 - 25 ft
Palm Trunk: When small, the trunk of the Queen Palm tree is a lime-green color and smooth to the touch. When the Queen Palm tree grows, it leaves remnants of its leaf on the trunk. These remnants tend be brown in color and ring around the pale-white trunk. Some Queen Palms have brownish trunks which develop a brown-fibery husk around the heart similar to that of a cold-hardy palm tree. The trunk of the Queen Palm tree arises singularly and often times need assistance with staking it to the ground in order for it not to fall over.
Palm Foliage: The Queen Palms foliage varies in green color shades. A healthy Queen Palm tree is denoted by its ever-green colored leaves. The foliage of the Queen Palm tree appears as feathers on a white stalk (trunk). It is important to note that the foliage of the Queen Palm tree can be dangerous in areas with strong winds. The Queen Palm tree has a shallow root-base and the foliage acts as a parachute and is easily lifted up by a burst of wind.
Palm Foliage Growth Direction: Grows upward more so than outward. When fully matured, the Queen Palm tree can grow its foliage 15 to 25 ft in diameter. The foliage of the Queen Palm tree also is prone to develop frizzle-top.
Palm Flowering: Transparent white flowers are developed on a green stalk underneath its leaves.
Palm Fruits: After the Queen Palm tree flowers, it produces fruits which appear an off-white color. These fruits as they ripen become yellow. When the fruits are fully ripened they appear bright orange before falling off the stalk.
Palm Fruits Edible: The Queen Palm tree fruit is not known to be a main food source for people, but are eaten.
Palm Leaf Type: Pinnate

Queen Palm Tree Growth Attributes:

Palm Speed of growth:Fast
Palm Radial Spacing:5-10 ft is sufficient due to the crowns feathery leaves.
Sun Exposure:: Full sun to light sun
Drought Toleration: Moderate
Salt Toleration:Slight
Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer

Queen Palm Tree Caring and Maintenance:

Palm Caring: Moderate, to maintain and thrive. The Queen Palm tree is known to manganese deficiency in alkaline soils.
Soil: The Queen Palm tree prefers acidic to neutral soil. Rich deep draining soil is preferred.
Soil Types: Acidic to low alkaline.
Water: The Queen Palm tree has a slight drought tolerance but frequent watering with well drained soil is important.
Fertilizer: Use 100% organic or organic based fertilizers for best results.
Potting and Planting: The Queen Palm tree can be easily potted because of its short and small root base. Potting the plant should be done properly and is commonly known as transplanting. When transplanting the palm, ensure the root-ball stays intact and after planting, drench with water. Sooner or later you will need to transplant the tree from the pot to a larger pot, yard, or landscape. When the roots of the Queen Palm tree are visible or when fertilizing no longer weathers out the yellowing, it might be time to transplant the palm. When choosing your pot, make sure there is proper drainage for the escape of water. The pot should have sufficient holes at the bottom for free flowing water to filter out into a gathering plate.

Queen Palm Tree Environmental Impact:

The Queen Palm tree is a well known palm tree in the state of Florida; however it is a palm tree which is known to be thrown around during a hurricane or tropical storm. Due to its small and short root base, the Queen Palm tree and its feathery leaves becomes a missile during strong winds. It is always advisable to add extra root fertilizer for growth and adding wooden stakes to tie down the palm tree.

Queen Palm Tree Seed, Cultivation, and Propagation:

Palm Seed Size: The average size is 1 inch long
Palm Seed Attributes: The Queen Palm tree seed is oval in shape and when still ripe is orange in color. When the seed is harvested it turns brown with a rugged texture. The Queen Palm tree seed has a brown fiber under its skin. Although very tangy and sour, the Queen Palm tree seed can be eaten.
Palm Seed Harvesting: Seeds are obtained from within the orange fruits. The fruits grow plentiful on the stalk and appear as pearl necklaces from the stalk.
Palm Seed Propagation: The Queen Palm tree seed typically germinates between 2 to 6 months. They are similar to the Malayan Coconut Palm seed.
Palm Seed Shelf Life: One year if treated and stored properly.
Palm Seed and Growing:The Queen Palm tree can be grown indoors from seed. Optimal temperature of germination is 80 to 90 degrees F. Added humidity and heat is recommended during cooler months.

Queen Palm Tree Nurture and Nature:

Nurture vs. Nature: The Queen Palms thrive when kept properly fertilized and watered, rather than nurturing in a changing environment. Since the Queen Palm tree is not native to North America, using the palm in a natural setting is hard to find for the continental United States. The Queen Palm tree in nature usually develops a manganese deficiency, so fertilizing is the key to promote wellness for the palm tree.
Palm Transplanting: Take into account that almost every palm tree will incur some type of transplant shock; however transplant shock could be lessened by adding the following tips to transplanting. The Queen Palm tree can be easily transplanted in a pot or outdoors. Before transplanting the palm, make sure it is heavily watered and fertilized weeks before the transplant. When transplanting, try to keep the soil around the roots together and avoid any disturbance to the roots. After transplanting, heavily water the palm for a couple weeks.

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